Oltenia Tour

Arhitecture in Craiova

In the inter-war period, the cubist style prevailed on the buildings in Craiova, but signs of modernity were also visible.The architect Constantin Iotzu was the one who added two edifices to the Romanian style – The White House and “Ramuri” Palace.The edifices of important economic and cultural institutions were built during the same  period: The Institute of Graphic Art “Romanian Writing”, “Elena Cuza” National College, “Buzeşti Brothers” National College, “Gheorghe Chiţu” Commercial High School, The Discount Bank (Palace Hotel) – today one of the headquarters of the Town Hall, Madona Dudu Church.The structuring and restructuring of entire areas of the town were conditioned by many factors: a higher level of industrialization, a greater economic potential, the population growth and higher aesthetic demands, on one hand, and the ideas and theories of urbanism on the other hand. All these have created unprecedented dynamics in the construction sector, a territorial expansion and a continuous improvement of urban qualities.Various phases in the town’s architectural evolutions after 1949, the year when the first public institution for the design of the works was formed, are very easily individualised, by the look of apartment buildings and of the situation plans.In the central area (the buildings “Romarta” and “Lumea Copiilor”) and in the vecinity of Spania and Sf. Apostoli Streets, a few urban ensembles were created in the 1960s, organized in quarters, characterized by compositional simplicity, in rectangular plans, around a garden.After 1966, old neighbourhoods were rebuilt alongside the East – West highway and in all areas from the periphery, in the spirit of “open urbanism”, with industrialized (standardized) technologies: Calea Bucureşti, Calea Severinului, Valea Roşie.Some unique buildings, both in appearance as well as in utility, were raised in the 1970s and 1980s: The National Theatre, Nr. 1 Emergency Hospital, Jiul Hotel, The Army House, The Youth Science and Technics House, The Faculty of Electrotechnics, Mercur Store etc. In the spirit of the time, many buildings were raised after 1989 under external influences, without a distinct style.